What is sinusitis?
Sinusitis is an inflammation and bacterial infection of the sinus
cavities. It occurs when mucus that normally drains into nasal
passages begins collecting in the facial sinuses instead.
It is estimated that 35
million people develop sinusitis annually, making it one of the most
common health conditions in the United States.
The disorder usually lasts
about 10 to 14 days. Chronic sinusitis is a sinus infection that occurs
frequently or lasts three months or longer.
What are the symptoms
The following are the most common symptoms for sinusitis,
however, individuals may experience symptoms differently. Symptoms may
- facial pain
- nasal discharge
- nasal congestion
- bad breath
- pain in the upper teeth
The symptoms of sinusitis may resemble
other upper respiratory conditions or medical problems. Consult a
physician for a diagnosis.
Can sinusitis be prevented?
Sinusitis may be avoided by:
- using a nasal spray under the guidance
of a physician
- blowing the nose gently
- drinking plenty of fluids
- postponing air travel
- appropriately treating:
- allergy attacks
- other infections
Treatment for sinusitis:
Specific treatment will be determined by the physician(s) based
- patients age, overall health, and
- extent of the disease
- expectations for the course of the
- patients tolerance for specific
medications, procedures, or therapies
- patients opinion or preference
Treatment may include:
- antibiotic medications
- decongestant medications
Occasionally, intensive, preventive
antibiotic therapy or surgery may be necessary to treat chronic sinusitis.