stings that most commonly cause allergic reactions:
Insects that are members of the
Hymenoptera family most commonly cause allergic reactions. These include:
reactions to insect stings:
Usually, the reaction is short-lived, with redness
and swelling followed by pain and itching. Generally, the reaction lasts
only a few hours, although some may last longer.
people, however, allergic reactions to these insect stings can be life
threatening. This severe reaction is a medical emergency that can
involve organ systems throughout the body. The reaction is called anaphylaxis
and can include severe symptoms such as:
and hives over most of the body
of the throat and tongue
cramps, nausea, or diarrhea
in blood pressure
medical attention is required.
insect stings be prevented?
Avoidance of insects is the best
preventive measure. Suggestions include:
outdoors, be careful of eating or drinking uncovered foods or
beverages, which can attract insects.
going barefoot, and wear closed-toe shoes when walking in grassy
gardening, watch for nests in trees, shrubs, and flower beds.
areas in which to use caution: swimming pools, woodpiles, under eaves
of houses, trash containers.
for insect stings:
Specific treatment for insect stings will be determined by your
physician(s) based on:
- your overall health and medical history
- extent of the reaction
- your tolerance for specific medications,
procedures, or therapies
- expectations for the course of the
- your opinion or preference
Suggestions for immediate treatment for
highly-allergic people, according to the American Academy of Allergy,
Asthma and Immunology, include:
- When possible, immediately remove
stinger, and scrape over the area with a fingernail. However, do not
squeeze the area, which may force the venom into the body.
- An emergency treatment kit should be
kept nearby at all times. Talk with your physician about what it
- Seek emergency care as soon as possible.