Management of Asthma
Treatment for asthma:
Specific treatments for asthma will be determined by your
physician(s) based on:
- your overall health and medical history
- extent of the disease
- your tolerance for specific medications,
procedures, or therapies
- expectations for the course of the
- your opinion or preference
As of yet, there is no cure for asthma.
However, it can often be controlled with prescription medicines that may
help to prevent or relieve symptoms, and by learning ways to manage
People with asthma can learn to identify and avoid the things that trigger
an episode, and educate themselves about medications and other asthma
According to the Guidelines for the
Diagnosis and Management of Asthma, published by the National Heart, Lung
and Blood Institute:
- Asthma is a chronic disease. It has to
be cared for all the time -- not just when symptoms are present.
- The four parts of continually managing
- identify and minimize contact with
- understand and take medications as
- monitor asthma to recognize signs
when it is getting worse.
- know what to do when asthma gets
- Working with a healthcare professional
is the best way to take care of asthma.
- The more information a person with
asthma has, the better asthma can be controlled.
Four components of asthma
- The use of objective measures of lung
function -- spirometry, peak flow expiratory flow rate -- to
access the severity of asthma, and to monitor the course of treatment.
- The use of
medication therapy designed to reverse and prevent the airway
inflammation component of asthma, as well as to treat the narrowing
- The use of
environmental control measures to avoid or eliminate factors that
induce or trigger asthma flare-ups, including the consideration of
- Patient education
that includes a partnership among the patient, family members, and the